Memory Networks

Issue 27 September 2016

Networks and Living Systems

“I explore life at all levels of living systems – organisms, social systems, and ecosystems – to examine and promote our interdependence. At each scale, under close scrutiny, nodes of a network reveal themselves as smaller networks.”

Richelle Gribble creates mixed media paintings and drawings, prints, videos, puzzles and sculptures. Her artwork is inspired by concepts of virality, biology, networks, group dynamics, and social trends that connect us all. In this exclusive interview she discusses the multiple networks that inspire and run through life and work.

On ‘Self Reflected’

Dr. Greg Dunn (artist and neuroscientist) and Dr. Brian Edwards (artist and applied physicist) created ‘Self Reflected’ to reveal the nature of human consciousness, bridging the connection between the mysterious three pound macroscopic brain and the microscopic behavior of neurons. ‘Self Reflected’ offers an unprecedented insight of the brain into itself, revealing through a technique called reflective microetching the enormous scope of beautiful and delicately balanced neural choreographies designed to reflect what is occurring in our own minds as we observe this work of art. The work was created to remind us that the most marvelous machine in the known universe is at the core of our being and is the root of our shared humanity.

In this exclusive interview, Greg Dunn discusses the ideas and work that went into creating ‘Self Reflected’.

Dendrites, Brains and Frontiers Reimagined

Dr Marius Kwint is Reader in Visual Culture in the School of Art and Design at the University of Portsmouth, UK. In 2012 and 2013, he was lead curator of the highly popular exhibition, Brains: the Mind as Matter, on the visual and material culture of neuroscience at Wellcome Collection, London, and at MSI Manchester. His most recent major project was co-curating, with Sundaram Tagore, the Venice Biennale official collateral event Frontiers Reimagined: Art That Connects Us, featuring 44 artists from around the world on the subject of cultural crossing-points.

Memory-Connections Matter

“When we examine memory, there’s the potential to understand our own individual experience more fully, to see who we are – and at the same time find points of connections with others. Memory only holds truth for us in a context.”

Patricia Moss-Vreeland explores memory as a meditation on who we are. Her paintings, drawings, prints, mixed media collages, and artist books evoke an awakening of feelings, experiences, and imagery embedded in our everyday memories, probing the unexplored territory where art and science meet. Incorporating close to two decades of research into the functioning of the human brain and the construction of memory, Moss-Vreeland’s work was hailed by the Baltimore Sun as “an invitation to think differently” about memory and the creative process.

In this exclusive interview she discusses the role of memory in her work .

Dendrites and Memories

“My work is indebted to science and the observation of the physical and natural world, though differs from scientific inquiry in that it provides a three-dimensional, personal, emotional interpretation of phenomena and experience. From the beginning, humans have sought ways to record their experience in tangible form and leave testimony that their lives mattered……….Collectively, we understand what’s happening in our brains in a way that we never did before.”

In this exclusive interview, Judith Modrak discusses her work focused on memory and inspired by brain cells, emotions and psychological states.

From ‘Life Science’

Eran Gilat is a neuroscientist and avid fine art photographer. His scientific research focuses on the study of the mechanisms underlying epilepsy, as well as on the development of an innovative cure for this illness. His latest book, ‘Life Science’, reflects his long lasting confrontation with biological tissues, contemplating issues of materialism, erotica, and mortality, corresponding with the complicated and intriguing category of “animal reminder” in the visual arts.

Brainscapes, Mind Masks and States of Mind

“Betwixt brain and mind is a beguiling if bewildering masquerade. The interplay, between brain and mind, matter and metaphysics, our inner ‘self’ and our public visage, has been a recurring interest in my practice for over a decade.”

Karen Ingham is an interdisciplinary artist-designer and filmmaker, whose primary art form is lens-based arts and hybrid craft. Her approach incorporates theory and practice, and she often works site-specifically, with major themes exploring biomedical discourse and museology

Cognitive Science and Surrealism

What do Cognitive Science and Surrealism have in common? Albert Barque-Duran is a PhD researcher in Cognitive Science, investigating the application of alternative mathematical methods to understand patterns in human cognition and to model them. He is also an artist. Inspired by his scientific research, his artwork proposes a reinterpretation-actualisation of the surrealist movement through the contemporary knowledge about the human mind. In this exclusive interview he discusses both his art and scientific work.

Neuroscience Art

Julia Buntaine is a neuroscience-based visual artist, interested in what has proven to be the most complex puzzle, the epitome of emergence, the brain. The instantiation of form and function united, from the molecular to the level of Neuroscience as a discipline, her work seeks to address the beliefs, theories and findings of the biological phenomenon of consciousness. Beginning with biological form or data, her work departs into the world of aesthetics as she manipulates the idea through the use of scale, metaphor, material and form. Unlike articles and raw data, scientific ideas in the form of art inherently demand subjective judgment and interpretation, and her goal as a science-based artist is to provide the viewer an alternative way to understand the wonders of biology we have discovered in ourselves.

She is also Director of the SciArt Center of New York ( and Editor-in-Chief of SciArt Magazine ( and Innovator-in-Residence at Rutgers University.

Memories photographed

“For me, defining a sense of place is the allure of the photographic image. The instant, when time and place seem to merge to catch a moment. But it is the imperceptible connections I seek to define…..when something catches your peripheral vision, but is gone when you turn for a longer glimpse. My photographs aim to force the viewer to look beyond the obvious….to be present and aware of the physical and spiritual light within the subtleness… reveal the essence beyond the normal visual spectrum.”

Known unknowns

“The unknown is central to my work. Unknown suggests a lack of knowledge or understanding, which inherently calls for a journey to a state of known. My art addresses the greatest and most profound “unknowns” of life: the nature of reality, experience, consciousness and the pursuit of it’s mysteries through science and the humanities.”

In this exclusive interview, Steve Sangapore discusses his work, which he dubs ‘Sci-Surrealism’, and its focus on the “known unknowns.”

Brainbow and beyond

Bonnie Cutts’ paintings are reflections of distinct periods of the creative journey that is her life, where the process of painting is as important as the finished artwork. In this article she shows some of her work that has been influenced by neuroscience and how this has led on to a more contemplative body of work.

Memory: What exactly happened?

Garry Kennard is a painter, writer and founding director of Art and Mind ( A fascination with how the brain reacts to works of art has lead Kennard to research, write and lecture on these topics. With Rita Carter and Annabel Huxley he devised and directed the unique Art and Mind Festivals which attracted leading artists and scientists to explore what light the brain sciences can throw on contemporary culture.