Mapping the Remains: a personal journey in drawing anatomy

Lisa Temple-Cox’s work explores interstices: between science and religion, the normal and the pathological, the familiar and the uncanny. Central to her practice is her search for identity and sense of belonging as a mixed-race post-colonial child. She is fascinated by Vanitas as both categorisation and as a symbol of the changing states of life. Her current research interests explore the aesthetics and symbolism of the medical museum with a focus upon the anatomical. It examines our own subjective experiences and perceptions of the body in life and death using a range of media, including drawing, assemblage, and installation.

The work that follows is predicated upon an entirely subjective approach to visual research: emerging as a result of visits to several collections, during which I began to ask: what is it that connects these disparate objects, and is there any value in developing these connections?

When I began exploring anatomical collections, I was interested in emulating them – making work that was as beautiful, as informative, and as disturbing. I came to realise that nothing I could make had as much affective power as the subjects and specimens already extant. This isn’t to say that this process was without interesting outcomes: I did get to put my own head in a jar, after all.

Cosmographia Universalis. Multi-media Installation (detail 1) Perspex, ceramic, glass.

My sketchbooks are my museums – collections of bodies and parts, whose taxonomies are dictated by chance, by glance, by aesthetics or idle curiosity. Working in situ carries with it a range of impressions:  the presence of other visitors, their conversations, the smell of the room, the feel of the materials I use or the chair that I’m sitting upon –  all this information is embedded in the work made in that space, and recalled when revisiting that work. That secondary sensory information is often is what inspires other lines of thought or research. The time spent in front of an object while drawing creates a heterotopical space in which to consider both the object and its context, alongside one’s sense of self.

Cosmographia Universalis. Multi-media Installation (detail 2) Transfert-collé, ciment fondu.

 

Interstice/Confluence (with A. Barclay). Multi-media Installation (detail) Engraved lab glass, hospital trolley, fabric.

The  exploratory sketches themselves that began to develop into something else: not just a record of a bone or an organ, but a process that blurred the line between it and I. In the anatomy museum I found a place for my body, so troublingly other, and its constituent parts. A Locard principal of immaterial things, shimmering between the brittle glass of the cabinet or pot: something intagible is taken away – and something, perhaps, left behind.

Soloman Islands skull, Pitt-Rivers. Pencil on Ingres paper

 

East Anglian skull. Conté pencils on Ingres paper

Travelling to different collections, different countries, brings other notions into play: an entirely subjective connection between cities and specimens. Connections that only exist because I had been there, and drawn these things. Collections are mutable: specimens get separated, move around. Sometimes lost, sometimes repatriated, sometimes relegated to a store or cold room to wait out their eternal and ironically immutable life in the jar or crate. In visiting and revisiting certain subjects, I have found relationships that evolve and develop: just as I am a different person each time, my response to these parts of former people changes on each visit.

Beauchene, Oregon. Pencil over transfert-collé.

 

Irish Male, Edinburgh. Biro over transfert-collé

 

Head 2020, Philadelphia. Sepia and white pen over transfert-collé

Actually these connections have become simpler: the maps and bodies speak for themselves. The microcosm of the internal organs over the macrocosm of the built environment is an easy fit. Rennaisance maps in particular seem to epitomise this concept: Mercator’s cordiform projections, Waldseemuller’s Cosmographia Universalis. While the cordiforme, or heart-shaped,  projection  originated in Ptolemy’s early works, the development of a heart shaped map projection during the Renaissance era is no accident, reflecting the belief in the heart as a symbol of the world – the inner emotions affecting the physical, outer world.

Field of vision. Pen over transfert-collé, string, glass lens, ciment fondu.

The pandemic has brought other challenges. My preference for always working in situ – even if that meant the drawing remained unfinished – was curtailed. Instead I began to revisit the models and specimens that had left their mark on me, drawing from both contemporary pathological collections and historical anatomical models and illustrations. Interpreting the work of others is never without issue: but using traditional media and earthy colours, the bleached-out, static wet specimen recovers it’s warm humanity, even in death. Rehumanising the abject corpse, part by part.

The world closed in to the space of my small attic studio, and these intimate portraits emerged.

Towne II: the Value of Sacred Trees. Wipe-out oil on canvas.

 

Itinerant Other. Oil on canvas

This specimen of a heart – with ruptured septum caused by massive myocardial infarction – was initially the first of a series of workshops drawing on the pathology collection of St George’s Univeristy Hospital in London. But each time I drew or painted it I found something new, terrible and wonderful in its bleached, dissected pathology.

Bauble I. Pencil on Bockingford paper

 

Bauble II. Wipe-out oil on canvas.

 

Bauble III. Oil on canvas.

It could be construed a landscape:  the morphogenesis that shapes these tissues also informs the  mycelium of fungi, the forms of trees, the paths of rivers, or the organic pattern of footpaths and roads that eventually describe a city.

The chordae tendinae of the heart  connect, cross, support and bind like a net. This nexus of veins, valves and tendons  might constitute a compact, organic map – one that we carry and consult at all times, wherever in the world we are.

Mary Ashberry, Mütter Museum. Pencil and chalk over transfert-collé.

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All images copyright and courtesy of Lisa Temple-Cox

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